100ASK_V853-PRO 环境配置及编译烧写

100ASK_V853-PRO 环境配置及编译烧写

0.前言

本章主要介绍关于100ASK_V853-PRO开发板的Tina SDK包的下载和编译打包生成镜像,并将镜像烧录到100ASK-V853-PRO开发板上。在进行100ASK-V853-PRO开发板的环境配置前需要获取配置虚拟机系统,可以参考:配置开发环境 - DongshanPI Board Documentation Center.

全志Linux Tina-SDK开发完全手册:https://tina.100ask.net/

100ASK_V853-PRO开发板资料合集(包含2000+页 开发文档和Tina SDK包等):
链接:百度网盘 请输入提取码 提取码:sp6a

100ASK_V853-PRO开发板购买链接:100ASK_V853-PRO开发板

1.下载Tina SDK包

由于Tina SDK包的大小较大,我们将其分卷压缩并放在在了百度网盘中 ,链接:百度网盘 请输入提取码 提取码:sp6a

SDK包位于07_Tina_SDK包目录下,将该目录下的全部文件下载并拷贝到虚拟机下,如下所示

在此目录下打开终端,输入cat tina-v853-open.tar.gz* | tar xz,合并压缩包并解压压缩包。

book@100ask:~/workspaces$ cat tina-v853-open.tar.gz* | tar xz

该过程时间可能会比较长,需要耐心等待。

解压完成后会在当前目录下生成一个tina-v853-open的文件夹,该文件夹即为Tina SDK包的全部目录。

book@100ask:~/workspaces$ ls
tina-v853-open tina-v853-open.tar.gz.01 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.03 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.05 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.07 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.09 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.11
tina-v853-open.tar.gz.00 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.02 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.04 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.06 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.08 tina-v853-open.tar.gz.10

2.为Tina SDK包打上百问网V853的补丁包

在当前目录下通过GIT命令下载100ASK-V853-PRO补丁包,对于此补丁包我们也在gitee和百度网盘中提供,百度网盘中位于02_开发工具/【Ubuntu】100ASK_V853-PRO_TinaSDK补丁包/目录下。

book@100ask:~/workspaces$ git clone https://github.com/DongshanPI/100ASK_V853-PRO_TinaSDK.git
Cloning into '100ASK_V853-PRO_TinaSDK'...
remote: Enumerating objects: 14606, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (232/232), done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (167/167), done.
remote: Total 14606 (delta 39), reused 225 (delta 34), pack-reused 14374
Receiving objects: 100% (14606/14606), 883.22 MiB | 4.26 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (1491/1491), done.
Checking out files: 100% (11560/11560), done.

下载完成后将此文件夹拷贝到tina-v853-open文件夹中

book@100ask:~/workspaces$ cp -rfvd 100ASK_V853-PRO_TinaSDK/* tina-v853-open/

3.编译V853系统

进入tina-v853-open目录下,可以通过ls命令查看当前文件夹下的所有文件

book@100ask:~/workspaces$ cd tina-v853-open/
book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ ls
brandy build buildroot build.sh device kernel openwrt platform prebuilt tools

对于想详细了解Allwinner Tina Linux系统平台,可以在后续访问:概述与介绍 - 全志Linux Tina-SDK开发完全手册

建立编译环境,输入 source build/envsetup.sh

book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ source build/envsetup.sh
NOTE: The SDK(/home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open) was successfully loaded
load openwrt... ok
Please run lunch next for openwrt.
load buildroot,bsp...ok
Please run ./build.sh config next for buildroot,bsp.

选择编译的开发板,输入lunch

book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ lunch
​
You're building on Linux
​
Lunch menu... pick a combo:
1 v853-100ask-tina
2 v853-vision-tina
Which would you like?:

这里是需要您选择编译哪个方案的开发板,这里输入1,选择v853-100ask-tina,再按回车即可。

选择完成后会倒数8秒,让您阅读许可协议,阅读完成后,会询问您是否接受上述条款协议。输入y,再按回车即同意以上条款。

book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ lunch
​
You're building on Linux
​
Lunch menu... pick a combo:
1 v853-100ask-tina
2 v853-vision-tina
Which would you like?: 1
Jump to longan autoconfig
/home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/build.sh autoconfig -o openwrt -i v853 -b 100ask -n default
​
Before using this files, please make sure that you note the following important information.
**********************************************************************
​
Copyright (c) 2019-2022 Allwinner Technology Co., Ltd. ALL rights reserved.
​
Allwinner is a trademark of Allwinner Technology Co.,Ltd., registered in
the the People's Republic of China and other countries.
All Allwinner Technology Co.,Ltd. trademarks are used with permission.
​
DISCLAIMER
THIRD PARTY LICENCES MAY BE REQUIRED TO IMPLEMENT THE SOLUTION/PRODUCT.
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IN ALLWINNERS'SDK OR PRODUCTS, YOU SHALL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE TO OBTAIN
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IN NO EVENT SHALL ALLWINNER BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
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LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS, OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
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You can read /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/build/disclaimer/Allwinnertech_Disclaimer(Cn_En)_20181122.md for detailed information.
​
You read time left 8 seconds....
I have already read, understood and accepted the above terms? [Y/N]y

确认同意条款后,系统会自动配置环境变量

You select Yes, Build continue.... ========ACTION List: mk_autoconfig -o openwrt -i v853 -b 100ask -n default;======== options : INFO: Prepare toolchain ... INFO: kernel defconfig: generate /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/kernel/linux-4.9/.config by /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/device/config/chips/v853/configs/100ask/linux-4.9/config-4.9 INFO: Prepare toolchain ... make: Entering directory '/home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/kernel/linux-4.9' HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/conf.o SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o HOSTLD scripts/kconfig/conf *** Default configuration is based on '../../../../../device/config/chips/v853/configs/100ask/linux-4.9/config-4.9' # # configuration written to .config # make: Leaving directory '/home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/kernel/linux-4.9' INFO: clean buildserver Usage: kill [options] <pid> [...] Options: <pid> [...] send signal to every <pid> listed -<signal>, -s, --signal <signal> specify the <signal> to be sent -l, --list=[<signal>] list all signal names, or convert one to a name -L, --table list all signal names in a nice table -h, --help display this help and exit -V, --version output version information and exit For more details see kill(1). INFO: prepare_buildserver

编译系统,输入make,输入完成后系统将会开始编译

book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ make ===There is tina environment.=== Note: make is the shell functon in envsetup.sh. == action: openwrt_build, action_args: == ========ACTION List: build_linuxdev ;======== options : INFO: ---------------------------------------- INFO: build linuxdev ... INFO: chip: sun8iw21p1 INFO: platform: linux INFO: kernel: linux-4.9 INFO: board: 100ask INFO: output: /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/out/v853/100ask/openwrt INFO: ---------------------------------------- INFO: don't build dtbo ... INFO: build arisc INFO: build_bootloader: brandy_path= /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/brandy/brandy-2.0 grep: /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/brandy/brandy-2.0/spl/Makefile: No such file or directory build for sun8iw21p1_defconfig ... Prepare arm toolchain ... ...//此部分编译输出信息省略 Building kernel /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/kernel/linux-4.9/output/lib/modules/4.9.191 CHK include/config/kernel.release CHK include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h CHK include/generated/utsrelease.h CHK scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.h CHK include/generated/timeconst.h CHK include/generated/bounds.h CHK include/generated/asm-offsets.h CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh CHK include/generated/compile.h DTC arch/arm/boot/dts/board.dtb Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready Building modules, stage 2. MODPOST 27 modules Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready Kernel: arch/arm/boot/uImage is ready 'arch/arm/boot/Image' -> 'output/bImage' 'arch/arm/boot/uImage' -> 'output/uImage' 'arch/arm/boot/zImage' -> 'output/zImage' Copy rootfs.cpio.gz for arm Building modules [GPU]: No GPU type is configured in /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/kernel/linux-4.9/.config. regenerate rootfs cpio 16149 blocks 16150 blocks build_ramfs Copy boot.img to output directory ... ./scripts/build.sh sun8iw21p1 compile Kernel successful INFO: ---------------------------------------- INFO: build Tina OK. INFO: ----------------------------------------

等待编译完成,此部分编译时间由电脑CPU等决定,第一次编译系统的时间比较长,请耐心等待。等待输出编译Tina OK即编译成功。

4.打包生成100ASK-V853-PRO系统镜像

编译完成后,输入pack,可以直接将刚刚编译完成的系统打包生成可烧写到板载EMMC上的镜像。

book@100ask:~/workspaces/tina-v853-open$ pack /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/build/pack -c sun8iw21p1 -i v853 -p openwrt -b 100ask -k linux-4.9 -d uart0 -v none -m normal -w none -n default INFO: /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/out/v853/common/keys copying tools file copying configs file copying product configs file ... Dragon execute image.cfg SUCCESS ! ----------image is at---------- 33M /home/book/workspaces/tina-v853-open/out/v853/100ask/openwrt/v853_linux_100ask_uart0.img pack finish

等待打包完成,打包完成后可以根据上面的输出信息提示的目录下找到v853_linux_100ask_uart0.img镜像,将此镜像文件拷贝到Windows电脑中。

5.使用PhoenixSuit烧写工具进行系统的烧写

全志USB烧录驱动包:AllwinnerUSBFlashDeviceDriver

全志线刷工具:AllwinnertechPhoeniSuit

在连接开发板后需要注意,虚拟机可能会拦截串口或者USB,选择连接到主机即可。

5.1 安装全志USB驱动

全志USB烧录驱动包:AllwinnerUSBFlashDeviceDriver

如果是第一次使用,需要安装全志USB驱动,如果已经安装过全志USB驱动即可跳转到5.2继续进行烧写系统。

在我们连接好开发板的12V电源线,并将两条Type-C分别连接到开发板和电脑端以后,将开关拨向靠近12V电源的方向即可将开发板上电。然后先按住 100ASK-V853-PRO开发板 FEL 烧写模式按键,之后按一下reset复位键,就可以自动进入烧写模式。

这时我们可以看到电脑设备管理器 通用串行总线控制器 部分弹出一个 未知设备 ,这个时候我们就需要把我们提前下载好的 全志USB烧录驱动 进行修改,然后将解压缩过的 全志USB烧录驱动 压缩包,解压缩,可以看到里面有这么几个文件。

InstallUSBDrv.exe drvinstaller_IA64.exe drvinstaller_X86.exe UsbDriver/ drvinstaller_X64.exe install.bat

对于wind7系统的同学,只需要以管理员 打开 install.bat 脚本,等待安装,在弹出的 是否安装驱动的对话框里面,点击安装即可。

对于wind10/wind11系统的同学,需要在设备管理器里面进行手动安装驱动。

如下图所示,在第一次插入OTG设备,进入烧写模式设备管理器会弹出一个未知设备。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

接下来鼠标右键点击这个未知设备,在弹出的对话框里, 点击浏览我计算机以查找驱动程序软件。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

之后在弹出新的对话框里,点击浏览找到我们之前下载好的 usb烧录驱动文件夹内,找到 UsbDriver/ 这个目录,并进入,之后点击确定即可。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

注意进入到 UsbDriver/ 文件夹,然后点击确定,如下图所示。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

此时,我们继续点击 下一页 按钮,这时系统就会提示安装一个驱动程序。

在弹出的对话框里,我们点击 始终安装此驱动程序软件 等待安装完成。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

安装完成后,会提示,Windows已成功更新你的驱动程序。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

最后我们可以看到,设备管理器 里面的未知设备 变成了一个 USB Device(VID_1f3a_efe8)的设备,这时就表明设备驱动已经安装成功。

Windows_FlashDevice_001

安装完成USB驱动后后续即可正常使用烧录功能。

5.2 烧写系统

全志线刷工具:AllwinnertechPhoeniSuit

在我们连接好开发板的12V电源线,并将两条Type-C分别连接到开发板和电脑端以后,打开PhoenixSuit烧写工具,

打开软件后 软件主界面如下图所示

PhoenixSuit_001

接下来 我们需要切换到 一键刷机窗口。如下图所示,点击红框标号1,在弹出的新窗口内,我们点击 红框2 浏览 找到我们刚刚编译出来的 V853系统镜像v853_linux_100ask_uart0.img,选中镜像后,点击红框3 全盘擦除升级

这时 我们拿起已经连接好的开发板,先按住 FEL 烧写模式按键,之后按一下 RESET 系统复位键,就可以自动进入烧写模式并开始烧写。

烧写时会提示烧写进度条,烧写完成后,会在红框处提示固件烧写成功。

6.进入Tina系统

烧写完成,我们可以使用串口工具MobaXterm进入串口查看,软件我们放在百度网盘的02_开发工具/【Windows】MobaXterm(串口工具 ssh工具合集)

默认情况下系统会自动安装串口设备驱动,如果没有自动安装,可以使用驱动精灵来自动安装。 * 对于Windows系统 此时Windows设备管理器 在 端口(COM和LPT) 处会多出一个串口设备,一般是以 USB-Enhanced-SERIAL CH9102开头,您需要留意一下后面的具体COM编号,用于后续连接使用。

QuickStart-01

如上图,COM号是96,我们接下来连接所使用的串口号就是96。

打开软件后新建会话后,第1步选择串口功能,第2步在串口端选择CH9102的串口,第3步波特率设置115200,第4步流控选择None,第5步选择OK。

选择后进入了串口界面,此时可能会没有输出信息的情况,按下回车键即可进入tina开发板控制台。

image-20230411120726349

如果此时想重新查看启动信息,可以在终端输入reboot,或者在开发板上按下reset键。

上述为启动完成的信息,可以看到Tina Linux的标识